JW Zepeda
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“Someone or some company lied to me to get me to do something or buy something.”

fraud never sleeps

Fraud claims have a time limit in which they must be brought. Act now.

If you were lied to by a person or company, the law provides a path to recovery for you.

The Founder of this firm took a particular class, that few do, in law school that focused on Fraud claims specifically to prepare this firm for these types of claims.

the law is a sword
Knowledge is our Sword.


Fraudulent Misrepresentation:

  • Fraud occurs when the defendant (the person sued) misrepresents something material (essential to a reasonable person) to the bargain,
  • while knowing the misrepresentation is false, and 
  • the person being lied to is justified in their belief of the lie,
  • and the lie caused harm.


Negligent Misrepresentation: 

  • Involves business transactions.
  • Defendant (the person suing) makes a representation during his business or for a transaction with their financial interest in mind.
  • The representation was false and meant to guide others’ business decisions.
  • The defendant did not use reasonable care to find out the information about the representation; and
  • plaintiff (the person suing) justifiably relied on the representation to make their decision.
  • If the Fraud involved negligent misrepresentation, then only financial damages involving reliance on the misrepresentation are allowed.


Fraud in the inducement: 

  • Involves contracts.
  • The defendant (the person sued) misrepresents something material (essential to a reasonable person) to a contract,
  • while knowing the misrepresentation is false, and 
  • the person being lied to is justified in their belief of the lie
  • and the lie caused Damages.


Statutory Fraud:

  • Involves Stocks or Real Estate.
  • The defendant (the person sued) gives false representations about past or existing material (essential to a reasonable person),
  • to get someone to accept a contract (induce someone into a contract); and
  • the person justifiably relied on the information when they entered the contract,
  • and the defendant’s false representations led to harm; or
  • a false representation involving a promise to do something material (essential to a reasonable person), 
  • was given to induce a person to accept a contract,
  • the person justifiably relied on the promise when they entered the contract, and 
  • the false representation led to harm.

There is a duty to speak, so even silence can give rise to lawsuits in some situations.

For Example, A duty to speak exists in the following situations:

Fiduciary Relationships:

A Fiduciary Relationship usually exists when one person is acting in a representative capacity. 

This type of relationship may also exist where there is a special relationship between persons so close and trusting that it is fair to impose a fiduciary duty upon them. 

A fiduciary owes six duties in Texas. All the duties can be described using the following two broad categories.

1) Duty of Loyalty

Calls for putting the other person’s or company’s interest before your own.

2) Duty of Care

To act as a prudent person would whose in the same situation when acting on behalf of or advising the person owed the duty. 

If informing the person is something a fiduciary would do, you must speak or risk suit.


One who partially discloses important information must tell the whole truth. 

Not telling bad information is not a Half-Truth.

A Half-Truth must be so related to the first statement or pertinent that the recipient would reasonably feel misled regarding your previous statement without the rest of the story.

Subsequently Gotten Information:

If you find out some information that makes earlier information, you stated untrue, and 

that is information the other person relies on to make their decision—you must tell the person about the new information.

Facts Not Reasonably Discoverable:

You must share the information if you have a better chance of discovering facts essential to the agreement.

Professionals have a higher duty to disclose than others.

Disclosures Required by Reasonable Care:

You must always act as a reasonable person would and not harm another due to the risk of a negligence suit, or 

If the harm suffered is severe enough, criminal charges may be warranted.

Pure opinions are not something you can sue over, but if they go into the realm of concrete facts, you can bring a lawsuit if they involve misrepresentations.

The Law Is Our Shield

Fraud Defense:

A defense to some Fraud claims exists if the defendant was in error due to his good faith reliance on a credible source of information or the defendant did not know the information was false when they made the representation.

In other words, the defendant did not have the intent, nor did they know they were misrepresenting a material fact.

These claims do not only have to be brought against the wrongdoer. The claim can hold their employer liable as well.


Respondeat superior: This is a way to hold an employer or company responsible for the actions of another (“vicariously liable”). Suppose the company’s representative acted within the scope of their duties when the injury
occurred. In that case, the employer is liable too.


This rule takes an excellent legal argument because the other side will try to argue that their representative was on a “frolic.”


A frolic is a departure from the scope of their duties, and therefore the employer would not be liable.


The employer is usually the only party with the finances and sufficient insurance to bring justice to injured individuals. It is of the utmost importance not to lose this legal argument if there is a path to victory.

Damages would include any financial loss or damage to your reputation that results from the claim.


“Damages” in this context mean what you may be able to get from bringing this type of lawsuit.


General Damages (Economic Damages): These are Damages that an attorney does not need to specially plead because they are usually suffered by the type of injury sustained. A characteristic of these Damages is that they are easier to quantify because they are not subjective.


Loss of Income earning ability (known as lost wages):


The injured person would have made money through employment if not injured.


As the name suggests, these damages also apply to the loss of income-earning ability.


Suppose the injured party took a lesser-paying job due to their injuries.


The amount recoverable is the difference between wages before the injury and now.


These wages are measured from the time of the injury to the time of settlement or jury decision.


Future wages:


If the injured person could never do the same job they had before the injury, the decrease in pay will be permanent. The injured party may be entitled to the wages they would have earned in the future at the job they had before the injury.


Furthermore, this recovery is for any quantifiable decrease in the injured person’s financial situation due to employment changes.

For Example:


Commissions and bonuses.


Any change in benefits.


Promotion or raises missed due to the injury.


Medical costs:


These costs will be for past and future medical expenses.


Based on the injury, the injured will need future medical attention. Because the costs are the fault of the liable (this is the civil court equivalent of saying “guilty” in a criminal case) party, that party will be held responsible for these costs.


Special Damages (Non-Economic Damages): 


These types of injuries are hard to prove. An attorney must specially plead them because they must be more apparent to third parties.


Mental anguish (Emotional distress) (this is the mental effects that came about due to the injury):


The injured party may recover due to past and future mental anguish caused by the injury.


Though this type of injury may be the most devastating, these injuries may not always be recoverable.


The ability to recover from these injuries is very situation specific. It requires a personal injury attorney who knows the law and case law developments. A competent attorney can fight against insurance companies because insurance companies rarely want to give anything significant for mental anguish.


Pain and suffering:


These types of Damages allow recovery for the injured person for the pain and suffering that the injury caused.


Because this injury is personal, it is often hard for others to understand and believe the pain and suffering the injured person went through or is going through.


Proving the pain and suffering is a sell; either the other side will buy in and believe the injured party, or they will not.


Physical impairment (Loss of enjoyment of life):


This type of Damage may be recoverable if you had an activity you used to do and now can no longer do due to your physical limitations.


Loss of consortium:




If the injury was so severe as to affect your relationship with your spouse, YOUR SPOUSE MIGHT BE ABLE TO RECOVER under this type of Damage. This type of recovery would be from a separate claim filed by your spouse.




A CHILD COULD SUE SEPARATELY AND CLAIM THIS TYPE OF DAMAGE if their parent’s injury affected the parent’s role in the child’s life.




This type of recovery may be allowed when the injury has physically changed your body.


This type of Damage can be for past and future disfigurement.


Any other non-financial harm reasonably associated with the injuries may be recoverable.


Exemplary Damages (Punitive Damages):


To get exemplary Damages, the person looking for these Damages must prove by clear and convincing evidence that the injury is the result of either:


(1) Fraud.

Fraud: Occurs when a person misrepresents something essential to the bargain while knowing the misrepresentation is false, and the person being lied to is justified in their belief of the lie. And the lie caused Damages.


(2) Malice.

Malice: Is a specific intent to inflict substantial harm.


(3) Gross negligence.

Gross negligence: This is an act or omission, which a reasonable person in the wrongdoer’s shoes should have known of the extreme risk due to the probability of significant harm, and the wrongdoer knew of the risk and consciously disregarded the risk.


Unless these Damages are looked for under a statute that authorizes them, then clear and convincing evidence must show the matters and mental state of the statute conditions.


The jury must receive instructions on these Damages and be unanimous in their desire to award such Damages.


Clear and convincing: Proof would impart a “firm belief or conviction” if the evidence was presented to a reasonable person.

There are many defenses to personal injury and other tort cases, but not all will pertain to all injuries.

For Example:

 Consent: The person suing allowed the harm to occur or the actions that led to the injury. The victim can give consent expressly (orally or written) or implied (by actions). Consent has other considerations that can waive the defense based on the circumstances or capacity of the victim.


Self-defense: If you reasonably believed that you were in danger and reasonably defended yourself, you may have a valid defense against civil liability. The defense will hinge on whether your belief in the defense and the force used were reasonable. Reasonableness will be decided using an objective standard.


Defense of others: If you reasonably believed that someone else was in danger and reasonably defended them, you may have a valid defense against civil liability. The defense will hinge on whether your belief in the defense and the force used were reasonable. Reasonableness will be decided using an objective standard.


Defense of your property: If you reasonably believed that your property was in danger and you reasonably defended it, you may have a valid defense against civil liability. The defense will hinge on whether your belief in the defense and the force used were reasonable. Reasonableness will be decided using an objective standard.


Defense of another’s property: If you reasonably believed another’s property was in danger and reasonably defended it, you may have a valid defense against civil liability. The defense will hinge on whether your belief in the defense and the force used were reasonable. Reasonableness will be decided using an objective standard.


Shopkeeper privilege: Business owners have a right to detain you to investigate a theft.


Comparative Negligence: Texas is a modified comparative negligent state. In Texas, you can sue for Damages only if you are not more than 50% to blame for your injuries.


Assumption of the risk: Plaintiff (the person suing) was aware of the risk and voluntarily assumed it. This defense would follow the rules of consent. This defense is no longer valid in Texas.


Absolute privilege: Certain positions allow people to act in a way that would otherwise be an actionable tort (a civil action due to harm) and not be held liable for injury caused.


Truth: Truth is a defense concerning defamation torts; the claim is not actionable if the statement is the truth.


Qualified privilege: This is like an absolute privilege but is limited in scope. In other words, it is only a protection for certain torts done for a set of particular circumstances.

How to deal with insurance companies:


People get insurance to cover harm caused to others and themselves, and we all usually have insurance.

Most of us have the impression that insurance companies are in business to help when unexpected expenses arise or tragedies happen, but that is not the purpose of insurance companies.


The purpose of insurance companies is to make money, like any other business.


So, the less money the insurance pays out, the more money they make. That is only common sense.


No matter how nice the person representing the insurance company is, or if you have already dealt with the insurance company and think they are the exception and care for their clients. The insurance company’s primary goal is to find a way not to pay your claim, with few exceptions.


Some insurance companies rely on scare tactics and threats to make you think you must settle or force you to pay out of pocket.


Follow these rules when dealing with insurance companies:


  • Contact an attorney first when you need to call an insurance company due to an injury, wrongful death, or property damage.
  •  If the insurance company calls you, tell them you have nothing to say before finding legal representation.
  • Contact an attorney and tell them that the insurance company called you.
  • Never give the insurance company any requested information or document without consulting an attorney.
  • Only accept the offer or settlement the insurance company offers after consulting an attorney.
  • Call an attorney immediately if your insurance company says you must pay out of pocket.


Calling an attorney is always possible, even if you have already talked to an insurance company.


Attorneys are legally obligated to put your interest above all else in matters involving you.


Insurance representatives who are contacting you are professional negotiators.

The above information is just part of the puzzle. A competent attorney must consider all this and more in Fraud cases.

It is said sunshine is the best disinfectant, which the law does. It shines the light on dangerous items, situations, and people.

Legal disputes are the primary way companies and individuals learn from their mistakes.

Legal disputes make the world safer for the next person while at the same time getting you the justice you deserve.

I assure you that this firm will take this type of claim personally because we treasure your justice, and we could save the next person from harm or death.

Your Justice Awaits. This Firm Will Be Your Champion And Fight For Your Family’s Honor.

We Will Get It Done.

Standing watch